sc,高三英语动词时态语态知识点全体整理,丰城天气预报

汉语的时态大多是经过副词来表达的,而英语的时态是靠动词的改变和时刻状语来表达的。英语中的时态共有十六种,可是常考的或较常用的只需9种,并且要点测验完结时态。要把握英语的时态和语态,有必要把握好英语中的助动词(do, be, have)和时刻状语这两个核心问题。

一般现在时

首要用来表明人、事物的现在状况和特色;表明常常或习气性的动作,语句中常有often, always, from time to time 等时刻状语; 表明客观规律和永久真理等。

例句:

He usually goes to work at 7 o’clock every morning.

She has a brother who lives in New York.

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The earth goes around the sun.

Guangzhou is situated in the south of China.

考点一:表明永久的真理,即便出现在曩昔的语境中,仍用一般现在时。

I learned that the earth goes around the sun when I was in primary

school.

考点二:在时刻和条件状语从句中,代替一般将来时;常用的引导词有:

时刻:when, until, after, before, as soon as, once, the moment/

the minute, the day;

条件:if, unless, provided.

If he accepts the job, he will get more money soon.

考点三:在make sure (certain), see to it, mind, care, matter+宾语从句中,从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时。

So long as he works hard, I don’t mind when he finishes the experiment.

只需他努力工作,我不介意他什么时候做完实验。

考点四:在the more… tsc,高三英语动词时态语态知识点整体收拾,丰城天气预报he more… (越……越……) 的句型中, 若主句是一般将来时, 从句通常用一般现在时。

The harder you study, the better results you will get.

现在进行时

表说话时或现在一段时刻内正在进行的活动:表爱情颜色,加强口气。与频率副词,如always,constantly,continually,again等连用表明说话人的某种爱情颜色(赞赏、厌烦、抱怨等)。

例句:

We are having English class.

The house is being built these days.

The little boy is always making trouble.

考点一:在时刻状语或条件状语从句中表明将来正在进行的动作。

Look out when you are crossing the street.

Don't wake him up if he is still sleeping at 7 tomorrow morning.

考点二: 表明在最近按方案或组织要进行的动作(这时多有表明将来的时刻状语)。

Marry is leaving on Friday.

现在完结时

表明动作发作在曩昔sc,高三英语动词时态语态知识点整体收拾,丰城天气预报,完结在曩昔,但着重与现在状况仍有联络,其成果或影响仍存在。

现在完结时有一些标志性的时刻状语

考点一:for + 时刻段;since + 时刻点

They have lived in Beijing for five years.

They have lived in Beijing since 1995.

I have learned English for ten years.

考点二:常见的不确定的时刻状语:lately; recently, just, already, yet,up to now; till now; so far, these days,

Has it stopped raining yet ?

考点三:在表明“最近几世纪/ 年/ 月以来……”时刻状语中,谓语动词用sc,高三英语动词时态语态知识点整体收拾,丰城天气预报现在完结时。

in the past few years/months/weeks/days;over the past few years; during the last t薛楚儿hree months; for the last few centuries, through centuries; throughout history 等

考点四:表明“第几次做某事,”或在 “It is the best (worst, most interesting ) +名词+that” 后边跟现在完结时。

This is my first time that I have visisc,高三英语动词时态语态知识点整体收拾,丰城天气预报ted China.

This is the most interesting film I have ever seen.

That is the only book that he has written.

一般曩昔时

表在曩昔某个特定时刻发作且完结的动作,或过sc,高三英语动词时态语态知识点整体收拾,丰城天气预报去习气性动作,不着重对现在的影响,只阐明曩昔。常跟清晰的曩昔时刻连用,

如:yesterday; last week; in 1945, at that time; once; during the war;

before; a few days ago; when

考点一:used to + do,表明曩昔常常但现在已不再保持的习气动作。

to为不定式,后接动词原形。

be/become/get used to + doing,表明习气于。

He used to smoke a lot.

He has got used to getting up early.

考点二:在时刻和条件状语从句中,代替曩昔将来时。

He promised to buy me a computer if he got a raise.

曩昔进行时

表明曩昔某个时刻点或某段时刻内正在发作的动作。

例句:

The boy was doing his homework when his father came back from

work.

He was taking a walk leisurely by the lake when he heard someone

shouted for help.

What were you doing at nine last night?

The radio was being repaired when you called me.

曩昔完结时

表明曩昔某个时刻之沙陀忠黑化前现已完结的动作,即曩昔完结时的动作发作在“曩昔的曩昔”,句中有显着的参照动作或时刻状语,这种时态从来不孤立运用

( before, after, by, up till )

例句:

There had been 25 parks in our city up till 2000.

By the end of last term we had finished the book.

They finished earlier than we had expected.

考点一:用于hardly/scarcely...when; no sooner ...than 句型中,主句用曩昔完结时,从句用一般曩昔时。

I had hardly finished my work when he came to see me.

I had no sooner got into the room than it began to snow.

No sooner had I arrived home than the箭头 telephone rang. (留意主谓倒装)

考点二:表明“第几次做某事”,主句用曩昔时,从句用曩昔完结时。

That was the second time that she had seen her grandfather.

It was three years since we had parted.

考点三:动词hope, expect, think, intend, mean, want, suppose, plan用曩昔完结时,表明未完结的希望、方案和目的。

I had hoped that I could do the job.

I had intended to see you but I was too busy.

一般将来时

表在将来某个时刻会发作的动作或状况。常和tomorrow, next year, in 2008等表明将来的时刻状语连用,其表现方式多达5种。

例句:

Beijing will host the 29th Olympic Games in 2008.

考点一:一般将来时总是用在一些时刻状医院等级语从句或条件状语从句的主句中

We will begin our class as soon as the teacher comes.

(主句用一般将来时,从句中一定要用一般现在时代替一般将来时。)

考点二:某些表明短暂性动作的动词如arrive, come, go, leave, start等,用现在进行时方式表明将来。

I am leaving for Beijing tomorrow.

考点三:“祈使句 + and/or + 语句”,这种结构中and后边的语句谓语用一般将来时。

Use your head and you wi费列罗巧克力ll find a way.

考点四:“am (is, are) going to + 动词原形”表明方案要做的事或可能要发作的事。

“am (is, are) about to +动词原形”表明依照预订方案或方案预备着手进行的动作。

“am (is, are) to + 动词原形”表明有必要、必定或方案即将做的事。

They are to be married in this May.

将来进行时

表将来某个时刻正在发作的动作,或按方案一定会发作的工作。

例句:

I’ll be doing my homework this time tomorrow.

The Preside谢伟朋nt will be meeting the foreign delegation at the airport.

将来完结时

表在将来某时刻之前业已完结的工作,时刻状语十分显着。

考点一:常用的时刻状语一般用by+将来的时刻。

如:by the end of this year, by 8 o’clock this eve学习日语ning, by March next

year以及由by the time…, before或when等引导网络机顶盒的副词从句。

By the end of next month, he will have traveled 1000 miles on foot.

By the time you reach the station, the 艳城香修train will have left.

By next Tuesday, I will have got ready for the exams.

考点二:在时刻和条件状语从句中,将来完结时则由现在完结时表明。

The children will do their homework the moment they have ardeafenrived

back from school.

动词的语态

一般用于着重受者, 做题时谓语动词不再有名词或宾语。动词的语态一般不独自考,而是和时态、口气和非谓语动词一同考。

考点一:不能用于被迫语态的动词和词组

come true, cons七大洲四大洋ist of, take place, happen, become, rise, occur,

belong, break out, appear, arrive, die, fall, last, exist, fail, s马良ucceed

例句:

It took place before liberatsc,高三英语动词时态语态知识点整体收拾,丰城天气预报ion.

考点二:下列动词的自动语态表明被迫赫章可乐火把节含义, 并且常与well, quite, easily, badly等副词连用。

lock ( 锁 ) ; wash ( 洗 ); sell ( 卖 ); read ( 读 ); wear ( 穿 );

blame (责怪)children;ride (乘坐);write ( 写 );

Glass brsc,高三英语动词时态语态知识点整体收拾,丰城天气预报eaks easily. 玻璃简单破碎。

The car rides smoothly. 这车走起来很稳。

The case locks easily. 这箱子很好锁。

The book sells well. 这本书很热销。

考点三:一些常用经典被迫句型:

It is said…, It is reported…, It is widely believed…, It is expected…, It is estimated…,海鲜粥

这些语句一般翻译为“听说……”,“人们认为……”,而 “曾经人们认为……” 则应该说:It was believed…, It was thought ...。

英语 高三
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